What you should know about mood disorders
There are basically two mood disorders: anxiety and depression. They are quite common in today's world but can be addressed with the right treatments.
Mood disorders affect a significant percentage of the population. Furthermore, its incidence is expected to increase in the next 20 years. The type of life that we lead today, which involves uncertainty, social and work pressure, contributes negatively to maintaining a positive state of mind or at least makes it more difficult. Mental conflicts can affect your life habits, health status, and personal well-being. They can even trigger other psychic pathologies and organic disorders.
Anxiety is an alert system that triggers a mental and physical response in anticipation of danger. The organism reacts through different systems to stimuli that it perceives as threatening, through an adaptive and natural response. However, when these reactions occur with too much intensity or are prolonged in time, they become a pathology.
Depressions as mood disorders
Depression is a disease that depends on many factors, and in which, a mood disorder occurs over time. The person who suffers from it is not able to feel positive emotions or enjoy. Among the most typical symptoms are lack of energy and vitality, and loss of interest. Being able to feel incompetent in different areas of life. Depending on the intensity of the symptoms, it can be classified as mild, moderate or severe depression.
Mild depression: the affected person can carry out normal activities normally. However, he has an abnormal depressive mood for most of the day. Generally, interest or ability to enjoy activities is lost.
Moderate depression: In these cases, the symptoms are severe, reaching normal activities difficult. It is accompanied by a loss of confidence and self-esteem with feelings of inferiority. Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, decreased ability to concentrate, lack of decision and sleep disturbances may also appear.
Severe depression: it s on the cases that need constant monitoring of the patient, even requiring hospitalization.
How are these mood disorders treated?
The joint action of different types of therapies allows initiating treatments from a mixed point of view. Specialists recommend combining pharmacological approaches with psychological therapies.
The choice of appropriate drugs for each case will take into account the efficacy of the different active ingredients against the adverse effects that they can cause. If you suffer from mood disorders, remember that it is important to take the drugs as prescribed by the specialist. The improvement of symptoms with medication can take between 2 to 4 weeks. Many patients who have not been warned of this delay, abandon the medication without waiting for the effect.
The most common side effects of these drugs are:
- Dry mouth
- Constipation and difficulty urinating
- Blurry vision
The set of hygienic-dietary measures can improve the efficacy of pharmacological treatment and prevent relapses. It is recommended to exercise and maintain an active life, respecting the adequate hours of rest. Try to keep yourself busy with all kinds of tasks, this helps you avoid negative thoughts. Eating an adequate and balanced diet, with a high content of fruits and vegetables, allows alleviating constipation associated with treatments. It is essential to avoid alcohol consumption since it increases the side effects of the medication and decreases its effectiveness.
Psychotherapy in disorders of mood can provide resources, expertise, and support to the person who suffers. With these therapies, you are encouraged to react to change in your mood. It works on self-esteem and control of emotional disposition.
Mood disorders can be treated
The mood can be normal, elevated, or depressed. The person affected by mood disorders loses the feeling of control over their mood and experiences general discomfort. It is convenient to combine pharmacological and psychological treatment, together with the application of hygienic-dietary measures.
Muhammad Usman Babar